Posted on : 17 Aug, 2021, 09:44:13 AM

What is the distinction between robotics and AI?

What is the distinction between robotics and AI?


Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence have been included in one of the hottest and trending technologies for quite a while now. However, the value of these modern technologies rises significantly after the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, when the whole world was looking forward to the digital platform and tool for fulfilling the requirement.

According to the report by IDC, the global revenue of the Artificial intelligence market touched 156.5 billion US dollars, which is marked to jump by 12.3% from the year 2019. From all the distinct fields of AI, robotics managed to gain enormous popularity across numerous industries. The most significant benefit of robotics is that it streamlines processes through precision and automation.

But confusion arises when people are unable to differentiate between these two terms and end up often mixing them or wonder as they both are the same. So, Is AI part of robotics? or Is robotics part of AI? Wissenhive will cover everything in-depth while differentiating between Robotics and artificial intelligence in this blog.

Are artificial intelligence and robotics the same thing?

The first thing that we need to understand is that artificial intelligence and robotics are not at all the same as both concepts or fields are entirely separated from each other.

As you can see in the diagram, there is a small area overlapped by both fields named Artificially Intelligent Robots. For understanding how these concepts relate to each other, we need to look into each term individually.

What is Robotics?

Robotics is one of the prominent branches of technology that focuses on dealing with physical robots. Robots refer to the programmable machine that can usually perform a series of actions autonomously and semi-autonomously.

There are mainly some of the crucial factors that can constitute a robot.

  • Robots are programmable.
  • Robots corporates with the physical world via actuators and sensors
  • Robots are usually semi-autonomous (Telerobots) or autonomous.

We used the word “usually“ for robots because some robots are not autonomous, such as Telerobots. It is operated and controlled by humans entirely, but it still comes under the branch of robotics, which is one of the best examples where robotics definition is not clear.

What precisely constitutes robots is surprisingly difficult to agree on. Some believe that a robot is a mechanism who can think and make the decision like a human. However, there is nothing like the proper definition for robot thinking. For robot thinking and suggesting, a small part of artificial intelligence is involved, but it is proved that thinking cannot be a priority requirement for robots for performing multiple tasks such as non-intelligent robots.

Robotics involves proper planning, designing, building, developing, and programming physical robots with the essential input that can successfully interact with the physical world.

What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence is one of the main branches of computer science which involves programs of computers for completing tasks that require human intelligence. Artificial intelligence algorithms focus on tracking perception, language understanding, logical reasoning, learning, and problem-solving.

It is used in numerous ways within the current world and technology. Such as AI algorithms are utilized in the recommendation engine of Amazon, Google searches, and GPS route finders. AI controls robots as Artificial intelligence algorithms are only part of the huge robotic system that includes actuators, sensors, and non-AI programming.

Not always, but AI includes machine learning’s level, where Artificial intelligence algorithms are trained for responding to a specific input in a particular way by utilizing outputs and inputs.

The main aspect which helps in differentiating Artificial intelligence from conventional programming is the term intelligence. The Non-Artificial Intelligence simples carry out a detailed instruction sequence that mimics some human intelligence level.

What are Artificially Intelligent Robots?

Artificially intelligent robots are the perfect bridge between AI and robotics which is controlled and operated by programs of AI. Most of the robots are not designed with artificial intelligence, but recently, every industry is building and programming their robots that can carry a series of repetitive movements. However, robots that are not non-intelligent are quite limited in performing different functionality tasks.

Algorithms of AI are required for robots for performing complex tasks. For example, Robots in warehousing use algorithms that help in finding the path for navigating around the warehouse, and drones use autonomous navigation for returning home when the battery is about to run out. The self-driving vehicle might be utilizing the AI algorithms combinations for detecting and avoiding potential risk on the road.

As you get an idea by now, that artificial intelligence and robotics are two separate terms in which AI involves programming of the intelligence and Robotics involves planning and building of physical robots.

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